The National Weather Service issued a heat advisory or excessive heat warning for all of Vermont, New York and Massachusetts for the beginning of July. High temperatures are forecast to be in the 90s in many locations from Saturday, June 30 through most of next week, with the forecasted heat index exceeding 100 degrees F on Sunday and Monday.
This level of heat is rarely experienced in Vermont, upstate New York, and western Massachusetts, and will increase the risk for heat illnesses, or exacerbate pre-existing medical conditions. Data indicates that emergency department visits for heat-related illnesses begin to increase when temperatures reach the mid- to upper-80s, with impacts getting progressively worse as temperatures rise through the 90s.
Populations Most Affected
Individuals who are generally at higher risk for heat-related health impacts include: older adults, young children, people who are homeless, outdoor workers and hobbyists, pregnant women, people who are overweight, those with chronic medical conditions, disabilities or mental illness, people using recreational drugs or alcohol, and those using certain prescription medications. Risk is further elevated for people who live alone or do not have air conditioning. Dehydration and hot living conditions are the major concerns for these populations.
Symptoms and First Aid
Muscle cramps, heavy sweating, nausea, headache or light-headedness may all indicate a heat illness. Most heat illnesses can be treated with fluids and by resting in a cooler place. If symptoms persist or get worse, or someone you are with seems confused or loses consciousness, dial 9-1-1 for immediate medical help. Learn more about symptoms and first aid at www.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/warning.html.
If you provide care or housing for people at higher risk for heat-related health impacts:
- Be prepared to treat a higher number of heat-related conditions than usual.
- Make sure that air conditioning or other cooling systems are in place and functioning.
- If cooling systems are not available, or malfunction, have a plan in place for providing emergency cooling or relocating people to a cooler location.
- Have a plan for checking in on people at higher risk to make sure they stay hydrated and can stay cool in their location.
- Consider how hot conditions may affect a patient or client before sending them home.
- der how medications could increase risk for dehydration and heat illnesses.
- If staffing an event, make sure that event organizers are well prepared with water, cooling strategies, and plans to modify or cancel the event if needed.
- Remember that hot weather can affect anyone. Be sure your organization has a heat management plan for employees and volunteers. Be aware of your own symptoms, and look out for your colleagues.